A third option, is to look through the lens of the oppositional gaze. She argues that, although we know that movies are not real life, "no matter how sophisticated our strategies of critique and intervention, [we] are usually seduced, at least for a time, by the images we see on the screen. Gloria Jean Watkins, más conocida por su seudónimo Bell Hooks. She adopted her maternal great-grandmother's name as a pen name because her great-grandmother "was known for her snappy and bold tongue, which [she] greatly admired". She put the name in lowercase letters "to distinguish [herself from] her great-grandmother." Writer, professor, and social critic, bell hooks is undeniably one of the most successful "cross-over" academics of the late twentieth century. , The focus of hooks' writing has been the intersectionality of race, capitalism, and gender, and what she describes as their ability to produce and perpetuate systems of oppression and class domination. hooks, bell, "Inspired Eccentricity: Sarah and Gus Oldham" in Sharon Sloan Fiffer and Steve Fiffer (eds). from the University of Wisconsin and her Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Cruz. Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2010. An avid reader, she was educated in racially segregated public schools, and wrote of great adversities when making the transition to an integrated school, where teachers and students were predominantly white. To educate as the practice of freedom, bell hooks describes it as "a way of teaching that anyone can learn.  She locates hope in places of struggle where she witnessed individuals positively transforming their lives and the world around them. After finishing her high school, she went to Stanford University, California on scholarship. Those who have influenced hooks include African-American abolitionist and feminist Sojourner Truth (whose speech Ain't I a Woman? She argues that one of the central tenets of feminist pedagogy has been to subvert the mind-body dualism and allow oneself as a teacher to be whole in the classroom, and as a consequence wholehearted. " Hooks also dedicated a chapter of the book to Paulo Freire, written in a form of a playful dialogue between herself, Gloria Watkins and her writing voice, bell hooks. Additionally, she shows great appreciation for the movement away from feminist thought as led by bourgeois white women, and towards a multidimensional gathering of both genders to fight for the raising up of women. She has held positions as Professor of African-American Studies and English at Yale University, Associate Professor of Women's Studies and American Literature at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio, and as Distinguished Lecturer of English Literature at the City College of New York. Her theory encouraged the long-standing idea of sisterhood but advocated for women to acknowledge their differences while still accepting each other. A prevalent theme in her most recent writing is the community and communion, the ability of loving communities to overcome race, class, and gender inequalities. bell hooks is Distinguished Professor in Residence in Appalachian Studies at Berea College. Prior to racial integration, black viewers "[...] experienced visual pleasure in a context where looking was also about contestation and confrontation. Gloria Jean Watkins (born September 25, 1952), better known by her pen name bell hooks is an award-winning African-American radical feminist writer and speaker. " She further discusses how this spectatorship looked different for black women compared to black men. Her pen name does not use capital letters because the ideas in her writing are more important than the fact that she wrote them. from Stanford University, her M.A. She engaged in public dialogues with Gloria Steinem, Laverne Cox, and Cornel West. Along with her studies, she began to write, ‘Ain’t I a Woman,’ her first book, when she was only 19. : Black Women and Feminism, "Tough arbiter on the web has guidance for writers", "Bell Hooks Biography - life, childhood, children, name, school, mother, young, book, information, born", "Book Review: Feminism is for Everybody by bell hooks", "Feminism is for Everybody: Further Discussion", "Postmarks - Southwestern Graduation Debacle", "Gloria Steinem On The Great Part Of Feminism: 'We Have Each Other's Backs, "Laverne Cox And bell hooks Talk How To Survive The Patriarchy", Notes on IAPL 2001 Keynote Speaker, bell hooks, Building a Community of Love, bell hooks & Thich Nhat Hanh, "All About Love - bell hooks - Paperback", "Critical Consciousness for Political Resistance", The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution, Scapegoat: The Jews, Israel, and Women's Liberation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bell_hooks&oldid=987229375, University of Southern California faculty, 20th-century American non-fiction writers, 21st-century American non-fiction writers, University of California, Santa Cruz alumni, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, bell hooks: The Writer's Award from the Lila Wallace–Reader's Digest Fund (1994), This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 18:52.
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