The most famous such mask was on display within the Coricancha temple at Cuzco. The Inca built many beautiful temples to their gods. Inti was the sun, which in Inca mythology was created by the supreme Inca deity Viracocha from an island on Lake Titicaca. Everyday this statue was brought out into the open air and returned to the shrine each night. Although most consider Inti the sun god, he is more appropriately viewed as a cluster of solar aspects, since the Inca divided his identity according to the stages of the sun. There was also a special festival that the Incas celebrated in honor of the Inca Sun God. Perhaps the most famous example is at Machu Picchu where a typical intihuatana or 'hitching post of the sun' situated at the highest point of the sacred precinct was used during the solstices to symbolically connect the sun to the earth using a special cord. Inti was the Inca god of the sun and considered all-powerful but he was also a benevolent god and capable of great generosity. The Inca Sun Festival is still celebrated today throughout the Andean region, in countries such as Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Each major province would also have a Sun Temple in which male and female priests would serve. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. It was believed that Inti was the son of Viracocha, the creator of the universe and his wife, Mama Cocha, the goddess of the sea. Many such disks were supposedly held in Cusco as well as in shrines throughout the empire, especially at Qurikancha, where the most significant image of him was discovered by anthropologists. For a full experience in Cusco is recommended to visit Machu Picchu after Inti Raymi festival. He was directly underneath the Sapa Inca, and they were often brothers. The emperor and his family were believed to be descended from him. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Another legend, however, states Manco Cápac was the son of Viracocha. The location of the Inca Sun Temple, called Coricancha (word that means ‘Casa del Sol’), located in the ancient Inca capital of Cusco, was dedicated to the Sun God. It was believed that he was also the sun of Viracocha and Mama Cocha. The god's worshippers and the vast majority of the art made in his name have long since disappeared but Inti lives on in several present day South American cultures. They believed that Inti controlled their agricultural activities, thus being vital to their existence. Web. Inti, the sun god, source of all wealth, king of heaven, plants, and the universe is limited to his head. A great golden disk representing he was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1571 and was sent to the pope via Spain. Inti was considered the Sun god and the ancestor of the Incas. Cite This Work He is represented as a golden disk with rays and a human face. 12 Nov 2020. During the Inti Raymi celebration, the entire centre of Cusco is closed to regular traffic including local buses and taxis. The interior of this temple was a wonder in itself as it was lined with 700 half-metre panels of beaten gold whilst outside was a life-size scene of a field of corn with llamas and shepherds all made from gold and silver. Cartwright, Mark. This is because they are associated with the summer and winter solstices respectively. If you are attending Saqsayhuman independently, then you can expect to walk to Saqsayhuman from Cusco, which takes approximately 1 hour. Within this temple were wall niches in which the bodies of previous emperors and rulers were exhibited along with various statues of Inti in certain festivals. Other important temples were at Pisac (north-east of Cuzco), Ingapirca (in modern Ecuador), and on the Island of the Sun on Lake Titicaca which Inca rulers visited once a year in pilgrimage. Such ceremonies were designed to ensure the continued success of the Inca empire, its people and their harvests. All three civilizations believed that the sun would not continue its journey across the sky if they did not make human sacrifices. If you can’t make it to Cusco for June 24, don’t despair! The festival of Inti Raymi has been revived as a great yearly festival in Cuzco, several national flags bear an image of him in the form of a flaming sun, and the currency of Peru in the 1980s CE was called the inti and even now still references him with its new name sol - sun in Spanish. Coricancha, Cuzcoby Canopic (CC BY-NC-ND). The Coricancha temple ('House of the Sun') and Sacsahuaman sacred precinct at the Inca capital of Cuzco were dedicated to Inti and probably built in the reign of Pachacuti. The statue represented Inti as a small seated boy, called Punchao (Day or Midday Sun). The second is Churi Inti, or “Son Inti,” who represents the son of Inti and is often known as “Daylight.” The third and final division of Inti is Inti Wawqi (“Sun brother”, or “Inti brother”, also spelled Inti-Guauqui, Inti-Huaoqui).
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