sodium hydroxide chemical hazards

When in contact with the skin, the contaminated clothing must be removed. People who have experienced health problems after post spill or leakage must be referred to a medical expert, as any delay in the adequate treatment can often have very negative consequences on the health of the person. Since it is used extensively, this white and odorless, non volatile aqueous solution can be very poisonous for the skin, and deadly if ingested. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. For the human body, especially skin, eyes, and respiratory system, sodium hydroxide can be extremely dangerous. Alumina is used to make aluminum and a variety of products including foil, cans, kitchen utensils, beer kegs and airplane parts. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This chemical is very corrosive, and it has the ability to destroy deeper layers of the skin. Sodium hydroxide is used to help manufacture a variety of medicines and pharmaceutical products, from common pain relievers like aspirin, to anticoagulants that can help to prevent blood clots, to cholesterol-reducing medications. Any leakages in carrying containers must be reported immediately to the authorities. Proper ventilation is a must in factories and working areas where NaOH is used. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters. Sodium hydroxide, one of the most toxic alkaline chemicals needs to be handled with safety. Sodium hydroxide is a strong base. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Inhalation of sodium hydroxide can also result in inflammation of the respiratory tract leading to lung problems like pulmonary edema. Intake of NaOH has also been related to low blood pressure. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 02/21/2018 EN (English) 5/9 SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties Heatin… Saving Lives, Protecting People, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, A – NIOSH Potential Occupational Carcinogens, B – Thirteen OSHA-Regulated Carcinogens, D – Substances with No Established RELs, E – OSHA Respirator Requirements for Selected Chemicals, G – 1989 Air Contaminants Update Project: Exposure Limits NOT in Effect, Type C & CE – Definitions for Type C and Type CE Respirators, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. In the paper recycling process, sodium hydroxide is used to separate the ink from the paper fibers allowing the paper fibers to be reused again. Fehling’s solution contains sodium hydroxide of this concentration. Sodium hydroxide is used to manufacture soaps and a variety of detergents used in homes and commercial applications. Workers in facilities where sodium hydroxide is manufactured or used should follow product safety instructions. If NaOH is ingested orally, it can lead to severe burns inside the mouth. Sodium hydroxide is used in many other industrial and manufacturing processes. 77, No. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Sodium hydroxide Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Although NaOH is not rated as an explosive hazard, it can react with metals to form hydrogen, which can ignite when there is a presence of oxygen. Caustic soda, Lye [Sodium hydroxide], Soda lye, Sodium hydrate Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form). If it has been swallowed, the mouth must be rinsed with one or two glasses of milk or water, and the person must drink at least two glasses of water, to decrease the chances of vomiting. The strongest base, sodium hydroxide, also known as Lye or Caustic Soda, finds extensive applications in our daily lives. (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter. For the human body, especially skin, eyes, and respiratory system, sodium hydroxide can be extremely dangerous. Specific Hazards Arising from the Chemical: Contact with water causes violent frothing and spattering. Since NaOH is an integral component of many products, its usage can’t be neglected totally, but by taking adequate safety measures, certain disasters can be avoided to a great extent. It is also used in the textile industry to make dyes, process cotton fabric and in laundering and bleaching, as well as in metal cleaning and processing, oxide coating, electroplating and electrolytic extracting. Sodium hydroxide is used in several food processing applications, such as curing foods like olives or helping to brown Bavarian-style pretzels, giving them their characteristic crunch. The hazards of this compound are many, and it can be lethal for the body. Owing to its extreme reactivity, NaOH is corrosive in nature. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. In building and construction, aluminum is used in materials that enable building facades and window frames. Epoxy resins, manufactured with sodium hydroxide, are used in wind turbines. Fever, sneezing, runny nose, sore throat, and pneumonia are some of the severe consequences of coming in contact with this chemical. In cases of eye contact, eyes must be flushed with water for at least 20 minutes. This helps dissolve most of the unwanted material in the wood, leaving relatively pure cellulose, which forms the basis of paper. Reacts quickly and exothermically with both organic and inorganic acids. Sodium Hydroxide,10.0N Created by Global Safety Management, Inc. -Tel: 1-813-435-5161 - SECTION 8 : Exposure controls/personal protection Control Parameters: 1310-73-2, Sodium Hydroxide, OSHA 2 mg/m3 1310-73-2, Sodium Hydroxide, ACGIH NIOSH 10 mg/m3 The U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) has set guidelines and permissible exposure limits for workers in industries and facilities where sodium hydroxide substances are used, available on OSHA’s website. Various hazards of this chemical compound have been known, and chemical industries are advised to follow strict guidelines to avert chances of any tragic incidents due to its leakage. Reacts with great violence with phosphorus pentaoxide when started with local heating. Print this Page. Potassium hydroxide is also harmful if swallowed if 3 M or more. Would you like to write for us? Although it is not flammable, it can ignite combustible substances that come in contact with it. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Sodium hydroxide is a co-product of chlorine production. Caustic Soda Chemistry and End Product Uses, U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Download the Products of the Sodium Hydroxide Tree. Sodium hydroxide is used to extract alumina from naturally occurring minerals. Here, you will find its illustrated calculation. Although, there are numerous uses of sodium hydroxide, it has several potential hazards, if it is used without care and safety. Titration of Sulfuric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide. Closed containers may rupture violently when heated releasing contents. Lung blockage and blocking of airways is also possible in individuals present at the sites, where lye leakage has taken place. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Drain cleaners that contain sodium hydroxide convert fats and grease that can clog pipes into soap, which dissolves in water. Sodium Hydroxide Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Ulceration and scarring of skin are some of the most commonly observed hazards of NaOH. Chemical companies must ensure that all safety guidelines regarding storage and transportation of NaOH are followed, as per the safety standards. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Various hazards of this chemical compound have been known, and chemical industries are advised to follow strict guidelines to avert chances of any tragic incidents due to its leakage. Meanwhile, medical intervention is necessary. In the energy sector, sodium hydroxide is used in fuel cell production. Any sort of constant exposure to NaOH, even in small amounts, can lead to acute respiratory problems. It is used in the home as an oven cleaner. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda or lye, is a highly versatile substance used in a variety of manufacturing processes. Any case of individual(s) experiencing issues related to the above-mentioned hazards, they must immediately refer to the concerned authorities, and people must be taken away from areas where the spill or leakage has occurred. It catalyzes the polymerization of acetaldehyde and other polymerizable compounds. Workers in chemical plants must use all safety measures while dealing with this compound. Sodium hydroxide is a highly versatile substance used to make a variety of everyday products, such as paper, aluminum, commercial drain and oven cleaners, and soap and detergents. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na + and hydroxide anions OH −. CDC twenty four seven. Municipal water treatment facilities use sodium hydroxide to control water acidity and to help remove heavy metals from water. Read more: Understanding Risk and Hazard When it Comes to Chemicals, convert fats and grease that can clog pipes into soap, metal cleaning and processing, oxide coating, electroplating and electrolytic extracting, U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).

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