Glycine is normally an inhibitory neurotransmitter, once antagonised there is loss of normal descending inhibitory motor tone resulting in muscle spasm. ThePrint tells you what this chemical is used for and how it affects the human body. Most of them are in a stable condition and hopefully will make a good recovery, Dr Guleria told reporters here. Pradhan said 500 people belonging to 200-250 families living in 3-km radius have been moved to safer places. The plant uses raw material styrene to make its products. Vizag tragedy: What is styrene, the raw material that led to poisonous gas leak, Affected people being taken to a hospital for treatment after a major chemical gas leakage at LG Polymers industry in RR Venkatapuram village, Visakhapatnam. Symptoms of chlorine poisoning Chlorine poisoning can cause symptoms throughout your body. Acute exposure to styrene in humans results in respiratory effects, such as mucous membrane irritation, eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. Among the top 50 chemicals worldwide, styrene was twentieth in 1994 with production of 11,270 million pounds, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Some of these patients will be required to be incubated and put on ventilator. Human exposure to styrene vapor. Hence, it is not clear if the deaths were caused by styrene gas or some other chemical or a combination. Member of the National Disaster Management Authority Kamal Kishore said about 1,000 people living in nearby areas of the factory have been exposed to the gas leak. Strychnine has had a colorful history from Wes Anderson’s “The Grand Budapest Hotel” to Tovery swallowing some down with a charcoal chaser to prove how effective charcoal can be at the French Academy of Medicine in 1831. (PTI photo). Absorption of this compound can affect the central nervous system causing headache, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. Enhanced Elimination. This public health statement tells you about styrene and the effects of exposure to it. Eleven people have died and 1,000 others exposed to styrene vapour that leaked from a chemical plant in Visakhapatnam in the early hours of Thursday and quickly spread to villages in a five-kilometre radius. Those who have had a very close exposure, are the ones with a higher chance of experiencing severe effects, he said, adding a house-to-house visit in the surrounding areas have been initiated to see if anybody has developed medical problems. NEW DELHI: Many were feared dead, including two senior citizens and an 8-year-old girl, and thousands of people fell sick after an alleged gas leak from a chemical plant in Vizag on Thursday early morning. #FOAMed Medical Education Resources by LITFL is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011. Also called PVC gas, polystyrene is found in different forms, Styrene or Polystyrene Plastic, Polystyrene Foam (often referred to as Styrofoam), and Polystyrene Film. Activated Charcoal 50 gram PO (1 g/kg in children) only once the airway is secured. forensics. EUC, CK, blood gas, lactate and troponin; Decontamination: Activated Charcoal 50 gram PO (1 g/kg in children) only once the airway is secured. Described symptoms are: conjunctivitis, ... 10.5 Antidote treatment 10.5.1 Adults There are no antidotes available. A doctor attends to a victim of the styrene gas leak in Visakhapatnam. The recovery phase is then complicated by myoglobinuria and renal failure. Patients who are clinically well 4 hours post exposure without muscle twitching or spasms are not poisoned and medically cleared. “Breathlessness, respiratory problems, irritation in eyes, indigestion, nausea, transient loss of consciousness, unsteady gait, giddiness are caused by exposure to it. Based on a work at https://litfl.com, Strychnine poisoning: clinical and toxicological observations on a non-fatal case, Toxicokinetics of acute strychnine poisoning, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, Rapid absorption following ingestion or inhalation (not dermal).
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